Key Charts - Size and Structure
Countries with Decreasing Ratios from Survey I to IV
Over-reliance on state-owned banks can crowd out private lending discipline and jeopardize public fiscal restraint. Since 2000, many developing countries say state-owned banks are playing a smaller role.
Note: I and IV refer to the World Bank's Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey I (1999) and Survey IV (2011). I-IV refers to a decrease in the value of the index from 1999-2011.
Source: James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio Jr., and Ross Levine, Measure It, Improve It: Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries 1999-2011, Milken Institute, April 2013.