Key Charts - Size and Structure

Many Countries are Becoming Increasingly State-Dependent (1999-2011)

A number of countries reported large increases in state ownership, as seen in World Bank surveys of bank regulation and supervision. The most striking example is United Kingdom, where the share increased from 0 to 26 percent, due to Royal Bank of Scotland bailout in 2008.

Note: I and IV refer to the World Bank's Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey I (1999) and Survey IV (2011). IV-I refers to an increase in the value of the index from 1999-2011.

Report: James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio Jr., and Ross Levine, Measure It, Improve It: Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries 1999-2011, Milken Institute, April 2013, p.18, Figure 5.

Many Countries are Becoming Increasingly State-Dependent (1999-2011)

China Sneezes and the World Catches Cold
Deposits, Confidence Seep Out of Greek Banks
Asia Offshore Borrowing
Spain Looks to Fix its Real Estate Lending
Community Banks: Defying the Trend
U.S. Banks Squeezed by Interest Rate Disparity
Latin America’s Position in Global Leverage
Breaking Tradition: Euro Area Moves Toward Bonds
A Snapshot of Chinese Debt
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