Key Charts - Too-Big-To-Fail

Increasing Total Bank Assets to GDP (1999-2011)

In the decade leading up to 2011, banking sectors in mature markets expanded - in some cases to unsustainable levels - and in many developing countries they outgrew GDP.

Banking systems grew larger in many countries.

Note: Surveys I and IV refer to the World Bank Bank Regulation and Supervision Surveys I (1999) and Surveys IV (2011). IV-I refers to an increase in the value of the index from 1999-2011.


Report: James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio Jr., and Ross Levine, "Measure It, Improve It: Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries 1999-2011," Milken Institute, April 2013, p. 14, Figure 2.

Increasing Total Bank Assets to GDP (1999-2011)

Too-Big-to-Fail Banks: An Update
From Too-Big-To-Fail Banks to Globally Systemically Important Banks
Too-Big-to-Fail Banks: Where Are We Now?
Financial Stability: Low-Income Countries Were Better Off During the Crisis
There’s More Than One Way to Rank the Biggest Banks
Banking Failures Have Tapered Off Since the Housing Market Bubble
Global Banks' Headquarters Become Less Concentrated
Size of Banks Varies Widely Across Countries
Decreasing Total Bank Assets to GDP (1999-2011)
Global Banking | Key Charts | Increasing%20Total%20Bank%20Assets%20to%20GDP%20%281999%2D2011%29